A dental extraction is the removal of the tooth from the mouth. It is usually done when the tooth is too far damaged that fillings, root canal, crowns, or another dental treatment repair it. It is also done when there is overcrowding of teeth, or to make room for adult teeth to grow in pediatric patients.
There are two types of dental extractions, simple extractions and surgical extractions. Simple extractions are typically done on teeth that can be seen in the mouth using just local anesthetic and forceps. With surgical extractions, the process is a little more complex. Teeth that have been broken off at the gum line or that have not yet erupted are surgically extracted. Sometimes general anesthesia is necessary for surgical extractions.